History of bioindication

Natural Environment Monitoring 2013, No 14, 137-142


Bogusław Wiłkomirski




The aim of the present work is to present the history of the bioindication at a glance. The major stages of natural sciences in general and bioindication in detail, starting from the ancient times through middle ages and times of scientific revolution to the present time are shown, as well as the past and present examples of using living organisms (especially lichens) to the indication of environmental pollution. Also current and future tasks of bioindication are specified.