Natural Environment Monitoring 2006, No 7, pp. 95-101
TRADE EMISSION RIGHTS AS FACTOR OF AIR PROTECTION
The biggest source of air pollution are the energy manufacture process, not only big power station, but also the heat system for industry and municipal sector. When Poland had ratificated the Genoa Convention and connected protocols, had also obligated to reduce the emission of many pollutant. Fulfilling all regulation is connected with reduction the pollutant emission in proper time or no-exceed the determined level of emission in the future, even in economic growth. The special emphasis is put on SO2, NO2 i NH3 emission reduction.
The 2003/87/WE directive, which is connected with Kioto Protocol (Protocol 1999), assume not only reduction pollutant emission, but also the adjust mechanism. This mechanism should be a simplification to reach the reduction level pointed in Kioto Protocol. One of the adjust mechanism is the emission right trade. The polish parliament, in December 2004, had enacted the air pollutant emission right trade act. The act is in force since 1st of January 2005.
On 19th of September 2006 started the first CO2 trade session. This is very important event, because it that day all action, which was aimed on free emission right trade, stayed only in sphere of legal act. CO2 emission started to be a part of business. The companies during the production planning must analyze the emission and compare it to the level of granted limit. The business aspect of CO2 emission force the reduction this pollutant to the air. If the company could reduce the emission in cheaper way than the trade price of emission right, it will modernize their workshop to reduce emission and will sell the excess.