Regional Monitoring of Natural Environment 2004, No 5, 119-126
GEOLOGICAL CRITERIA IN THE STUDIES OF BIOGENIC ACCUMULATION BASINS
The paper presents the advantages of geological criteria in contemporary studies of biogenic accumulation basins. As peat science is an applied discipline that does not focus on geology and biology of wetlands, knowledge about peat-forming basins and processes occurring there, should be the core of telmatology.
Geological structure of peat-forming areas (accumulated in process of sedentation) and peat underlying sediments (accumulated in process of sedimentation) allows understanding the hydrological conditions. It is also crucial to extensive access to peat archive of mire-lake sediments.
The paper is comprised of following parts: peatlands and wetlands, inland biogenic accumulation basins, peatlands and peat, sedimentation and sedentation and the concept of peatland ecosystem.