Natural Environment Monitoring 2011, No 12, 103-116
ANALYSIS OF THE STATE OF MUNICIPAL WASTE LANDFILLS IN THE ŚWIĘTOKRZYSKIE VOIVODSHIP IN TERMS OF ECOLOGICAL REVIEW
Tomasz Kwiatkowski, Maria Żygadło
In Świętokrzyskie voivodship a total of 50 municipal landfills are located. In 2010 only 15 active municipal landfill were in operation. The total area operated landfills is approximately 40 hectares. The voivodship has continued the process of closing landfills, which do not meet the technical requirements, or their capacity has been exhausted. Administrative actions focused on objects (Tab. 2) contributed to their proper functioning. All landfill sites destined to be modernized in term 2005–2009 have been upgraded with the exception of landfill “Staszów”. These activities have also contributed indirectly to extend the service life of landfills. With the adjustment to the requirements of landfill regulations the negative impact on the environment will be minimized. The analysis of the active capacity of municipal waste landfills in operation shows that in Świętokrzyskie remained only about 3 230 920.64 m3 of free landfill capacity (as of 31.12.2009), which will ensure that the needs of the region only about 11-year period of operation. For the landfill “Staszów” fall the half of the capacity. The spoken landfill until 31.12.2010 was not adapted to the requirements of law, while it is in the process of adjustment (has a valid building permit). In the case of the closure of that landfill the remaining free capacity of total number of landfills ability to receive municipal waste in the region will decrease by approximately 50%. In addition, the landfills destinated for modernization, namely: Klępie Dolne, Wola Jastrzębska, Słupcza, Bugaj, Grabowiec, Wyszyna Machorowska, Radoszyce, Fałków, Marcinków were closed.
With regard to the closed municipal landfill in Świętokrzyskie, the process of rehabilitation, is very slowly which may serve over the years a serious threat to the environment. This particularly concerns the objects, which are located in areas threatened by flood.