Natural Environment Monitoring 2008, No 9, 9-18
THE POSSIBILITIES TO MAKE USE OF THE INTEGRATED NATURAL
ENVIRONMENT MONITORING DATAS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
The aim of this article is to present new ideas in the development of the management of organizations as a system of continuous innovations in an integrated Quality, Environment, Safety and Hygiene of Work Management System. The need of innovations has been shown, specifically in the management system. The functioning of an Integrated Monitoring of Natural Environment System as a source af data has been presented, based on it’s 15 years development. This system is capable of presenting all needed data to all government, or communal organizations, with appropriate analysis. This system has vital signifficance for the proper development of the country.
Natural Environment Monitoring 2008, No 9, 63-69
QUALITATIVE CHANGES OF SOIL WATER OUTFLOWS IN THE CONDITIONS OF REDUCED RANGE OF FERTILIZERS (ON AN EXAMPLE OF GRASSLANDS
LOCATED IN THE MOUNTAINOUS AREA)
The article presents the qualitative assessment of soil water outflows leaving the grasslands located in the mountainous area (Polish Carpathians). The area taken into consideration was enriched by varied amounts of fertilizers. The research project was based on lysimetric and draining water analyses. It was established that reduced amounts of fertilizers caused a subsequent decrease in most soil macro-compounds. However, their concentrations remain in safe levels, which do not pose a threat to the environment.
Natural Environment Monitoring 2008, No 9, 57-62
IMPACT OF MINE WATER FROM THE UPPER SILESIAN COAL BASIN AREAS ON CHANGE QUALITY OF WATER IN OLZA RIVER IN YEARS 2000–2007
Andrzej Harat, Arnošt Grmela
In the following article, the assessment of mine water from USCB area on the change of water quality in Olza river in years 2000-2007 was presented. The impact in this field is confirmed by surface water tests in Poland and Czech Republic. Presented activity is also a great example of long-term and fruitful cooperation between neighboring countries which comes from international agreement in terms of environmental monitoring.
Natural Environment Monitoring 2008, No 9, 39-43
IMMISSION OF SO2, NO2 AND O3 TO INTEGRATED MONITORING BASE STATION “POŻARY” ON GROUND OF AUTOMATIC MEASUREMENTS PROVIDED BY VOIVODSHIP INSPECTORATE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
IN WARSAW IN 2004-2007
Anna Andrzejewska, Adam Olszewski
Automatic measurements of air pollution are provided on The Integrated Monitoring Base Station “Pożary” in Granica village since 2004. Concentration of SO2, NO2, O3 and meteorological parameters are measured hourly. Gases concentration were analized according to their dependance on air temperature, wind speed and direction and time of the day. The grow of SO2 and NO2 with decrease of temperature is evident. Higher concentrations of SO2 and NO2 during low wind speed indicate comparatively close emmission sources.
Natural Environment Monitoring 2009, No 10, pp. 73-78
COMPARISON OF EVAPORATION ESTIMATION RESULTS FOR LĘKUK LAKE OBTAINED BY CALCULATED AND MEASUREMENT METHODS
The lake water balance estimation largely depends on the water-surface evaporation estimation, which is defining by basing on mathematical formulas with empirical coefficients or basing on direct evaporation measurement.
In this article evaporation estimations obtained by two methods: calculated and measurement is presented. The first method is using (from 2003) in the Institute Environmental Protection in Warsaw and is based on Peneman formula. The second method was entered in 2008 and is based on Wild type’s evaporator installed at the meteorological garden of Puszcza Borecka Station. Using apparatus is a electronic weight (type EWA-992), surrounded by meteorological cage. The main advantage of this method is an automation of evaporation estimations. In the measurement method it was needed apply corrective coefficient. This coefficient was determined by comparison the evaporator EWA-992 and the standard evaporator GGI 3000, which was placed on a raft anchored on Sławskie Lake near the Station of Institute of Meteorology and Water Management in Radzyń.
The comparison evaporation estimation methods shows that calculated method based on Peneman formula lowers months sums of evaporation indifferently about 20 per cent beside measurement method. This faults, which sometimes may be higher, have an importing contamination on the estimation of lake water balance. As the estimation analysis presented, monthly proportional differences of the lake retention defined by mathematical formula and directly evaporation mensurations are from -20% to +120% .
Analysis of presented data shows that application Wild’s type evaporator needs a apparatus calibration with a cover in the area conditions where there are realizing surveys, also during different seasons.
Using uncalibrated apparatus give rise to the faults of evaporation estimation as like the faults appearing during using the Penman formula.
Natural Environment Monitoring 2009, No 10, 19-27
PASSIVE METHOD MEASUREMENT OF AIR POLLUTION IN AIR QUALITY
ASSESSMENT IN POLAND
Tomasz Śnieżek, Anna Degórska
This article presents a comparison of the results of themeasurement of nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide with the passive method, used to assess air quality in low pollution areas, and the continuous flow method – recognised as a reference one by some international